International Theater Day

International Theater Day (27 March):

When is International Theater Day or World Theater Day celebrated?

'International Theater Day' or 'World Theater Day' is celebrated every year on 24 March worldwide. The 2017 International Theater Day was conveyed by French theater and cinema actress Isabelle Huppert at UNESCO Hall, France.

Every year on the occasion of this day, at the invitation of the International Theater Institute, some distinguished painters of the world give a message to all the color workers on the subject of 'Culture and Theater of Peace'.

History of International Theater Day:

World Theater Day was established in 1961 by the International Theater Institute. Many institutions and groups related to the theater also organize this day as a special day. An important event of this day is the International Theater Message, which expresses his views on the subject of theater and culture of peace by some of the world's leading theater workers. The first international theater message was delivered in 1962 by Jean Cacte of France. In the year 2002, this message was given by Girish Karnad, a renowned colorist of India.

What is theater called?

Whenever we talk about theater, drama, music, spectacle, etc. start circulating in our mind. In fact, theater is made up of the words 'Rang' and 'Mancha' i.e. to present your art, decor, music etc. as a scene from a stage/floor. While it is called as theater in entire Asia including Nepal, India, it is called theater in western countries. The word 'theater' is an English adaptation of the theater itself and where it is displayed, the whole building including the auditorium and theater is called the auditorium, theater, theater or theater/opera.

International Theater Institute (ITI):

The International Theater Institute was established in the year 1948 by UNESCO-assisted theater and dance experts.
The theater institute grew into the largest performing arts organization in collaboration with more than 100 centers and worldwide.

ITI organizes International Dance Day and World Theater Day every year in UNESCO, Paris.

The history of England was being written in golden letters. This was the period when Queen Elizabeth 'I' ascended the Kingdom of England. After many years of state turmoil, the country was now enjoying peace. Social, economic and political… England was strengthening its footsteps on every front. In such a situation, the atmosphere of enthusiasm started increasing in literature and arts sector too. Books began to be written, poems were composed, new inventions were being made at the theater ... The sun of the cultural world of England was spreading golden sun.

At the same time, a bright star in the field of literature was rapidly moving towards the popularity boom. His name was 'William Shakespeare'. In 1599 William Shakespeare, together with his friends, established a theater in London. The theater was named 'Globe Theater'.

The theatrical business was flourishing at that time, but still, it did not get social prestige. The play was at the very bottom of the theater on the commercial ladder. For this reason, the 'Globe' was built not outside the city of London, but outside the city.

The Globe was an open-air theater made in a semicircle. Its open-air structure had two major advantages. One advantage was that Globe had observer capacity several times over closed theaters. Nearly two and a half to three thousand people were able to watch the play together, this was so big the Globe Theater. The second advantage is that candles, candles, torches were not required due to the easy natural light available here. No expenditure had to be spent on the lighting scheme. The cost is less then the cost of tickets is also less. Due to this, the common man also started enjoying the drama by buying tickets easily. Those low-cost 'one penny' tickets of the Globe contributed to the theatrical business and especially to Shakespearean plays to all levels of social life.

The producers then did not spend much capital on the costumes, sets in the play. High costumes and precious sets did not matter much. Everything used to be heavy on heavy dialogues. The loud voices of the performers echoed in the theater, and there was a wave of passion in the audience. The thunderous applause ripped the sky. Observers were more interested in 'listening' to the play than watching the play. Dialogue is tremendous then drama hits.

Space immediately next to the theater was designated for the holders of the above 'One Penny' tickets, called 'Pete'. There were no seats to sit in the peat. There was room for just standing there. Either stand or stand on the ground. A box 'box' was kept at the entrance of the theater, in which a penny (penny) was put and entered inside the theater. The amount deposited in this 'box' determined the profit or loss of the game of that day. The concept of 'box office' and 'box office collection' has been going on since those days.

The Globe had a great fun feature. When the show was going on at the theater, the observers had full freedom to talk to the actors in the full show, giving them their feedback. If the dialogues were repeated on the special demand of the audience, many times they were changed. When applause of applause rang out, criticism was also fiercely received. Observatory galleries were built around Pete on three surfaces. These galleries had seating arrangements and a roof above the head. It is evident that the price of these tickets was also high.

1613 was a day in the month of June. As usual, the drama was being played at the Globe Theater. There was an event scene on the stage. In this scene, the cannon salute took place on the stage as a special effect. Unfortunately, the spark of the cannon fell directly on the roof of the globe. Globe theater made of wood burnt. Within two hours the entire theater was burnt to ashes. The globe was rebuilt just two years after this incident.

Once again in 1642, there was an atmosphere of state instability in the country. The public revolted against the state power. A new government was formed. The new government banned the entire theater world. Now in England, making and watching plays became a legal offense. Like all theaters in the country, the globe closed. His building was also destroyed. After a few years, the state was restored and the ban of plays was also lifted, but the globe was submerged under the rubble.

In the next three and a half years, the name of the Globe Theater was completely erased from the soil of England and from the hearts and minds of the public. The theater for which stories such as Julius Caesar, Hamlet, Othello, Macbeth, King Lair, where the first screenplay was performed, the object did not even remember.

Three families passed, the time cycle revolved again. Sam Vanmacher, an American writer and director, took the initiative and pioneered the rebuilding of the Globe Theater. The reconstruction was completed in 1999. This new globe was created by taking the color form of the original globe.

Ajaramar dialogues such as 'You to Brutus ...', 'To be or not to be' where it was first pronounced emerged like a Phoenix from the horror of Globe Theater destruction. It has now become a pilgrimage center for theatergoers around the world.

William Shakespeare's Globe Theater, Bhishma's grandfather of literature, adorns his glorious legacy on the forehead, stands proudly in London today.
International Theater Day International Theater Day Reviewed by alok kumar on Friday, October 25, 2019 Rating: 5

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