National Mathematics Day is celebrated every year on 22 December in India. It is celebrated to honor the birthday of the famous mathematician, Mr. Srinivasa Ramanujan. He was a world-renowned mathematician who made notable contributions in various fields and branches of subject mathematics.

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National Mathematics Day (National Mathematics Day) 2020 - National Mathematics Day in India

National Mathematics Day 2020 will be celebrated across the country on 22 December, Sunday.

### National Mathematics Day 2020 Special

National Mathematics Day programs were celebrated with great vigor across the country on 22 December. In view of this special day especially in schools and colleges, important programs like speech meeting, seminar and drama staging related to the life of Srinivasa Ramanujan were organized.

On 22 December, district level quiz quiz and seminar was organized in Dhamtari district of Chhattisgarh state on the occasion of National Mathematics Day. Aryabhatta Vidyalaya team finished first in this program. Similarly, the program of Mathematics Day was celebrated with great enthusiasm at the city's premier educational institute Kichlu Public School in Moga, Punjab. During this time, children were also informed about the great mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan. Along with this, a quiz for children and a speech competition on the subject of mathematics was also organized.

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Union Human Resource Development Minister Prakash Javadekar congratulated

On the occasion of National Mathematics Day, many senior leaders and ministers paid tributes to the great mathematician Srinivas Ramanujan on the birth anniversary of the people of the country, congratulating the people of the country on National Mathematics Day, Union Human Development Resource Minister Prakash Javadekar and Commerce and Industry Minister Suresh Prabhu tweeted and wished the people on this special day.

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History of National Mathematics Day

The great Srinivasa Ramanujan was born on 22 December in the Erode town of present-day Tamil Nadu. He studied mathematics unconsciously and started developing his research in the beginning. Srinivas read himself and was a man of learning himself. He never had any kind of training in mathematics. He first solved the formal and regular mathematics question when he was 10 years old. While he was in school he received several merit certificates and academic awards.

Ramanujam has contributed a lot to mathematical analysis, number theory, infinite series and continued fraction fractions. In 1913 Srinivasa Ramanujan approached European mathematicians to further his knowledge and interest in mathematics. He was also elected to various societies organized for debate and discussion on mathematics. He was the world-famous mathematician G. Started exchanging letters with H. Hardy and finally moved to England in 1914. He spent about 5 years in Cambridge and while living there wrote many papers related to mathematics.

Srinivasa Ramanujan's birth anniversary was declared as National Mathematics Day by the then Prime Minister of India, Dr. Manmohan Singh in the year 2012 for his memorable and great contribution towards mathematics. The year 2012 was celebrated as the National Mathematics Year for the first time nationwide.

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Why is National Mathematics Day celebrated

National Mathematics Day is celebrated to pay tribute to the great mathematicians of India. Former Prime Minister of India, Dr. Manmohan Singh discussed the great contribution of world renowned mathematicians and stressed the need to carry forward his legacy by organizing National Mathematics Day. Great Indian mathematicians such as Brahmagupta, Aryabhata and Srinivasa Ramanujan have played an important role in the development of various formulas, theorems and principles of mathematics in India and thus encouraging the glorious tradition of Indian mathematics by celebrating National Mathematics Day and further Increasing is important.

The Prime Minister inaugurated a Center for Higher Mathematics in the name of Ramanujan at Alagappa University. He also said that the principles of mathematics are broadly used in the study of economics, science and other subjects.

Dr. Singh also acknowledged that there is no dearth of mathematicians in our country and it is the duty of the mathematics community to promote research and study of mathematics as an educational discipline in India and make it possible.

Dr. Singh paid tribute to the great Srinivasa Ramanujan, saying that he is the great son of Tamil Nadu and India, who has made his remarkable contribution to the world of mathematics around the world. In order to remember and honor his memorable contribution to mathematics, the Government of India announced the decision to celebrate National Mathematics Day every year on Ramanujan's birthday. The year 2012 was declared as the National Mathematical Year.

Tamil Nadu Governor K Rosaiah acknowledged that it was hard work, enthusiasm and dedication that made Srinivasa Ramanujan a great mathematician. Universities are also encouraged to encourage students for research and development in mathematics. A platform for research and development can be created by celebrating National Mathematics Day. This platform will help students and researchers continue the legacy of a long-standing development that was founded by the original founders of mathematics and science.

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The nationHow is Maths Day (National Mathematics Day) celebrated?

National Mathematics Day is celebrated in various schools, colleges, universities and educational institutions across India.

Former Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh announced to celebrate National Mathematics Day on December 22, on the 125th birthday of Srinivasa Ramanujan.

The International Society UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) and India have agreed to work together to spread the joy of learning and understanding mathematics. He has also taken various steps to educate students in mathematics and has introduced the knowledge to students and learners from all over the world.

NASI (National Academy of Sciences India) is the oldest science academy located in Allahabad. To celebrate National Mathematics Day, NASI organized a 3-day workshop under the title 'Emerging Development of Mathematics and Applications of Ramanujan in the field of Q-Hyper Geometry Series'. The workshop was attended by popular lecturers and experts in the field of mathematics from all over the country. The speakers spoke about the great contribution made by Srinivasa Ramanujan in the field of mathematics in the country and the world. Ramanujan's work in the field of cryptography was also praised at the conference and those who composed many theorems were also praised.

All the states in India have celebrated National Mathematics Day in various ways. Various competitions and mathematical quizzes are conducted at school, college and university level. Mathematics talent and students from all over India participate in the events organized on this day. The School of Northern Maharashtra University (NMU) located in Jalgaon celebrated National Mathematics Day in 2015 with great enthusiasm. A variety of objective test competition, quiz competition and poster presentation competition were organized. The theme of this competition was 'Indian Mathematics', 'Mathematics for Life' and 'Mathematics Application'. The theme and competition is basically to develop the knowledge of emerging students in the field of mathematics.

A workshop on "Historical Progress of Mathematics" was also organized in Jalgaon at the 2015 celebration. It was planned for college teachers and students in the research department of mathematics. The workshop was an attempt to offer a common platform for young teachers and researchers from colleges. The celebration of National Mathematics Day focuses more on the promotion and development of research related to mathematics and the possibilities that exist in various areas of mathematics.

Some more tips to celebrate National Mathematics Day

The great mathematicians of India include Brahmagupta, Aryabhata and Srinivasa Ramanujan. These great experiences have not only changed the face of Indian mathematics but have also gained immense popularity around the world.

Every state of India should recognize the great contributions made by these mathematicians and celebrate National Mathematics Day with great zeal and enthusiasm. Schools, colleges and universities at the state level should organize celebrations, competitions and other cultural events for celebrations. This will not only create competitiveness among the students but will also increase their knowledge.

Engineering colleges and technical institutes should also celebrate National Mathematics Day and researchers and developers from across the country should be invited to give lectures and share their knowledge and experience. This will inspire emerging engineering students. It will also provide a common platform to collectively tackle problems encountered in the field of mathematics.

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About Srinivasa Ramanujan

Srinivasa Ramanujan is one of the great Indian mathematicians whose efforts and contributions have given a new meaning to mathematics. He was born on 22 December 1887 in Erode Tamil Nadu, India. His number theory includes revolutionary conclusions about the properties of division functions.

When he was only 15 years old, he received a copy of the Priorities Summary of Pure and Applied Mathematics written by George Shoebridge Carr in 1886. This book is important because it was the main source of information for the great mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan to learn. It has also been said that this book is an important factor in promoting Ramanujan's talent and intelligence. He reportedly expanded and followed every text and content of the book.

After verifying the results and details of Carr's book, Srinivasa Ramanujan went ahead and developed his idea and theorem. In 1903 he got a scholarship at 'Madras University but later lost it as he neglected all other studies related to mathematics. This did not discourage him and he continued his research and work without any employment. He lived in poor conditions but was determined for his research work. They married in 1909 and started searching for employment. During this time he got a chance to meet a government official Mr. Ramchandra Rao. Mr. Rao was greatly influenced by Ramanujan's mathematical knowledge and skills. Mr. Rao also agreed to support Ramanujan's research for some time but Ramanujan was unwilling to do any work on the money given to him by anyone and eventually he did a job at Port Trust, Madras.Worked as a clerk.

Ramanujan's first research paper in the Indian Mathematical Society was released in the year 1911. His outstanding ability and intelligence gradually began to gain popularity, and in 1913 he began a conversation with Godfrey H. Hardy, the famous British mathematician. The conversation helped Ramanujan receive a special scholarship from the University of Madras and finance Trinity College in Cambridge. Ramanujan conquered his religious opponents and went to England in 1914 to meet Hardy. He furthers his knowledge and Hardy exposes him to mathematics through several formulas, theorems, etc. Hardy collaborated with Ramanujan during his research in mathematics while living in England.

Ramanujan created most of the mathematics formulas himself and his knowledge was amazing. Although Ramanujan was almost unaware of the modern developments in mathematics, his expertise on different degrees of release was incomparable with the mathematicians who were famous during that time. He worked on the theory of elliptic integrals, functional and practical equations of the zeta function, Riemann series, hyper geometry series, and various series.

Ramanujan increased his knowledge during his stay in England. He particularly improved his knowledge and wrote several letters describing the division of numbers. His papers were issued in English and European journals. He was also elected to the Royal Society of London in the year 1918. Unfortunately, Ramanujan had tuberculosis in 1917. His condition improved considerably in 1919 and he returned to India. Ramanujan died the following year on 26 April 1920 in Kumbakonam. They left behind 3 notebooks and a bundle of pages, also known as "lost notebooks". The bundle contained many unpublished results of mathematics that were used to be studied and verified by various mathematicians long after his death.

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The conclusion

India has given birth to various scholars in various fields. One such great scholars is Srinivasa Ramanujan who made astounding contributions to mathematical analysis, infinite series and number theory. He also introduced many equations and formulas. s. The research Ramanujan Theta and Ramanujan Prime conducted by Ramanujan has inspired various researchers for further research and development on this subject. Thus by celebrating National Mathematics Day on the birth anniversary of Srinivasa Ramanujan, we will be able to pay tribute to this great scholar and will also be able to maintain the mathematical culture of India.

National Mathematics Day 2020
Reviewed by alok kumar
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November 17, 2019
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