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World Soil Day was observed on 5 December World Soil Day is celebrated by the United Nations on 5 December every year. The purpose of cel...

World Soil Day was observed on 5 December

World Soil Day is celebrated by the United Nations on 5 December every year. The purpose of celebrating this day is to make farmers and common people aware of the importance of soil.

'World Soil Day' will be celebrated on 05 December 2019 all over the world. The main purpose of celebrating this day is to make farmers and common people aware of the importance of soil. The theme of World Soil Day 2017 is "Caring for the Planet Starts from Ground".


The first World Soil Day was celebrated all over the world on 05 December 2014. Deputy Director General of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research, Dr. Randhir Singh said that changes in farming practices and environment have had an impact on both soil and water. This program will be celebrated throughout the year to raise awareness about soil and promote sustainable use of important resources.

In order to improve soil health, Prime Minister Modi launched the Soil Health Card Scheme (SHC) in the year 2015. For this, the Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperation of the Government of India had set a target of issuing 14 crore Soil Health Cards (SHCs) across the country.


World Soil Day:


World Soil Day is celebrated by the United Nations on 5 December every year. The purpose of celebrating this day is to make farmers and common people aware of the importance of soil. In many parts of the world, fertile soil is barren and the use of more chemical fertilizers and insecticides by farmers is reducing the biological properties of the soil, its fertility is declining and it is also falling victim to pollution. Therefore, farmers and general public need to be made aware for its safety. On December 2013, the United Nations General Assembly resolved to celebrate December 5 as World Soil Day by a resolution passed at the 68th General Assembly meeting.

World soil day is celebrated by the United Nations on 5 December every year. The purpose of celebrating this day is to make farmers and common people aware of the importance of soil. In many parts of the world, fertile soil is barren and due to the decrease in the biological properties of the soil due to the use of more chemical fertilizers and insecticides by the farmers, its fertile capacity is declining and it is also falling victim to pollution. For this, farmers and general public need to be made aware for its safety. On 20 December 2013, it was decided to celebrate 5 December every year as World Soil Day, (IYS 19 feb. 2015).

Related facts *

On 5 December 2017, World Soil Day was celebrated all over the world. In the year 2017, the main theme of this day was "Caring for the Planet Starts from the Ground". On this occasion, the Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi called upon the farmers for regular testing of soil through 'Healthy land, field green'. At present, 33 percent of the total soil in the world is already barren or degraded. It is noteworthy that 95 percent of our food comes from soil. Currently 815 million people are food insecure and 2 billion people are nutritionally insecure, but we can reduce this through soil. The purpose of this day is to raise awareness among the people towards soil health and the contribution of soil in life. On 20 December 2013, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations offered to celebrate 'World Soil Day' every year on 5 December which was adopted by the United Nations. The United Nations General Assembly through this resolution announced to celebrate the year 2015 as 'International Soil Year' ie World Soil Day.

WORLD MEATLESS DAY The world population is currently around 7.7 billion, which could be 10 billion by 2050. In such a situation, scient...

WORLD MEATLESS DAY


The world population is currently around 7.7 billion, which could be 10 billion by 2050. In such a situation, scientists have made a diet plan so that food can be supplied to such a large population without harming the environment. It has been called Planetary Health Diet. Meat and dairy products are not completely banned in this diet plan. However, it has been suggested that people should move to legumes and pulses to supply protein. Under this plan, you will have to remove most of the things you eat frequently from your daily diet and include those that eat less.


How will change in food?

If you eat meat everyday then this is the biggest thing to reduce. If you eat red meat then a burger a week and if you eat a dish made from animal intestines, then you should eat such things only once a month. However, you can enjoy something made of fish several times a week and eat chicken only once a week. But apart from this, you will have to supply protein from vegetables. Researchers recommend eating pulses and legumes. However, starchy carbohydrate-supplied vegetables such as potatoes and arbi will have to be cut. These vegetables are eaten in abundance in African countries.

Then what to eat in such a situation?

If you make a list of all the things that you will eat on a normal day, then these things will be on that list.
1 - Strict peeled things like almonds - 50 grams
2 - legumes like soybean - 75 grams
3 - Fish - 28 grams
4 - Meat - 14 grams of red meat and 29 grams of chicken
5 - Carbohydrate - Bread and rice 232 grams and 50 grams of starchy vegetables
6 - Dairy - 250 grams (one glass of milk)
8 - Vegetables - 300 grams and fruits 200 grams
This diet has 31 grams of sugar and 50 grams of olive oil.

Will this food be tasteless?

Harvard University professor Walter Willett has also been involved in research conducted on this issue. Professor Willett, who spent his childhood among the fields, says that he used to eat red meat three times a day, but now his eating style has been in keeping with the Planetary Health Diet. Willett explains his example by saying, "There used to be many varieties of food items. You can mix these things in different ways and prepare many dishes."


Is this diet plan a fantasy?

Under this scheme, people in every part of the world should change their style of food. Europe and North Africa will have to cut red meat drastically. At the same time, East Asia will have to cut down on eating fish. If you talk about Africa, then people will have to cut down on eating starchy vegetables. Laine Gordon, director of the Stockholm Residency Center at Stockholm University, says, "Humanity has never tried to change its diet at this level and at this speed. Now that it is imaginary or not, then fantasies are negative. Is not needed. Now is the time when we dream of creating a good world. "

Whose brain is this idea?

The Eat-Lancet Commission's project involves 37 scientists from around the world, ranging from agricultural scientists to experts on topics such as climate change and nutrition. These people released this diet plan after researching the subject for two years. Has been published in a research journal called Lancet.

10 billion people need to eat

As of 2011, the world's population was up to seven billion, which has now reached 7.7 billion. But by 2050, this figure will increase to 10 billion. According to the researchers, this diet plan will save 11 million people from dying every year. Actually, these people will be protected from diseases caused by poor diets such as heart attack, heart strokes, and cancer. In developed countries of the world, these diseases are one of the biggest causes of untimely deaths of people.

How bad is farming for the world?

Farming and forest cultivation account for about 25 percent of global greenhouse emissions worldwide. Almost the same share is in electricity, atmosphere machines, all the world's trains, airplanes, and automobiles. But if you understand the impact of food grains on the world environment, then you will find that non-vegetarian and dairy products are very harmful to the environment. Cattle account for 14 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions. At the same time, cattle account for 18 percent of the greenhouse gases produced by human activities. If we talk about other greenhouse gases, farming plays a big role in the emission of methane and nitrous oxide. In the same way, if we talk about water, agriculture and food production, then it is a big risk because they consume 70 percent of the world's drinking water sources.

Will the world survive this way?

The researchers aimed to supply food to as many people as possible. But one of the objectives was to reduce the emission of greenhouse gases, prevent an organism from extinction, prevent the expansion of cultivable land and conserve water. However, changing the style of catering will not serve these purposes. In order to do this, food wastage is being prevented and the land used in agriculture is more and more
It is necessary to produce more grains.

Ban on meat

Professor Willett says, "If we were just talking about reducing the emission of greenhouse gases, then we would have said that everybody should become vegetarian. But it was not clear that vegetarian food was the healthiest food." The Eat-Lancet Commission will go to governments around the world and institutions like the World Health Organization to understand this research to understand whether these institutions can initiate a change in the style of catering.


world vegetarian day: 2019

The world is celebrating World Vegetarian Day i.e. World Vegetarian Day today. If we trust the figures for the last few years, the number of vegetarians in the world is increasing. However, compared to non-vegetarians, it is still much less. But good thing, this year 2018 is going to prove to be the most important in the direction of moving towards vegetarianism.

Growing vegetarian

In the world, a fast-growing plant base ie vegetable-based food. People are adopting it fast. It is taking the form of movement, which is also being liked a lot.

Nestle, the world's largest food factory, estimates "the craze for vegetable-based mines will increase." A survey by another company Justice says, "94 percent healthy food orders have increased in the world." "The number of green vegetables from shops and malls in the US is increasing," data from GrubHub, another US company, says.

Google Trends search data says, "Between 2014 and 2018, there has been an increasing trend towards vegetarianism worldwide. Vegetarians are growing in Israel, Australia, Austria, Canada, and New Zealand."
According to Globdata's research report, "Vegetarian people in America have increased 600 percent." The report says, "Only one percent of people in the US claimed to be vegetarian in 2014, but that number has risen to six percent in 2017. In Britain, vegans have increased by 350 percent compared to a decade ago."


Vegetarianism was the most searched in Canada in 2017. Canada's new food guide was drafted for the first time, released in 2017 by the Canadian government, which advocated green vegetables and vegetable-based mines.


The vegetarian market is growing everywhere

According to Nielsen's research report, the number of vegetarians in Portugal has increased by 400 percent in the last decade. The Chinese government is discouraging its people to eat meat. It says that the consumption of meat should be reduced by 50 percent.
Research says that the vegetarian market in China is expected to grow at a rate of 17 percent between 2015 and 2020. In Hong Kong, 22 percent of people are eating vegetarian and eating green vegetables.

People all over the world are now slowly understanding that vegetarianism is better for them



Between 2014 and 2016, 02 percent of vegetarian products were launched in Australia. Australia is the third fastest-growing vegetarian market in the world. Fast-casual restaurant in the United States serves one lakh ten thousand miles every month and is planning to spread it worldwide. Macdonald's has launched McVegan burgers in several countries including Sweden, Finland. Pizza Hut introduced Vegan Cheese Pizza in the UK.


How many vegetarian

According to an organization called Friends of Earth, there are 500 million people worldwide who are completely vegetarian but the number is increasing. The world's most vegetarian is in India, although these figures are old. It is believed that the year 2018 has seen the highest trend towards vegetarianism, so the number of vegetarians has also increased.
India - 30 to 40 percent vegetarian
Taiwan - 14%
Australia - 11 percent
Mexico - 19 percent
Israel - 13 percent
Brazil - 14 percent
Sweden - 10 percent
New Zealand - 10.3 percent
Germany - 10 percent

How many eaters

There are three types of food people in the world. The first who eats meat, ie Non-Vegetarians. Others who are vegetarian - that is, Vegetarians and third are those who are vegetarian and do not even consume products like milk from animals. Such people are called Vegan (Vegan).


Benefits of reduced meat consumption

- By reducing the amount of non-vegetarian food in food, about 66 lakh 73 thousand crore rupees can be saved every year around the world whereas 34 lakh crore rupees will be saved due to reduction in green gas emissions.
- Eating less calorie food will reduce the problem of obesity. There will be a reduction in expenditure on health.
- Increasing the production of fruits and vegetables will benefit the economy of South Asian countries including India.
According to new research by the National Academy of Sciences of America, if vegetarianism is promoted all over the world, then the earth can be made healthier, colder and more prosperous.

Vegetable yields take far less water than meat production



More water in meat production
According to an estimate, if the food is given to them to raise animals, it can feed twice as many people if it starts getting from humans. Similar Meat Products100 times more water is used than vegetables to transport the tea to the dinner table.
It takes 127 liters of water to grow half a kilo of potatoes, while more than 9 thousand liters of water is wasted to produce half a kilo of meat, while 681 liters of water are used to make half a kilo of wheat flour.
According to an organization called Friends of Earth, about 6 lakh hectares of forest are cut every year to produce meat products so that animals can be reared on that land.
Overall, if scientific reports are made the basis, then it would not be wrong to say that even by adopting vegetarianism for only one day in a week, a big step can be taken towards saving the earth, because of the reduction of carnivores reduces global warming. Will come, and will help to make the earth's atmosphere colder.

Vegetables are also made with vegetarian

Vegetarian food has all the necessary nutrients to make muscles. Carbohydrates and fats from vegetables protect against diseases, as well as protein to build your muscles. Vegetables also contain vitamins, antioxidants and amino acids beneficial for the body.

Some vegetarian foods whose intake and workouts can give you attractive and strong muscles. Consuming gram, lentils, almonds, cashews, grains, and peas are beneficial for protein. Buttermilk is also helpful in making muscles. Buttermilk contains only a small amount of fat, it is also helpful in making muscles.

History shows that in ancient times, there was a trend of vegetarianism in Greek with India.

What does history say

The earliest records of vegetarianism are found in ancient India and ancient Greece in the sixth century BC. But after the Christianization of the Roman Empire in ancient times, vegetarianism practically disappeared from Europe.

What religion says on food

Hinduism - Vegetarianism is considered superior in Hinduism. It is believed that non-vegetarian food is harmful to the brain and spiritual development. Hinduism also follows the principle of non-violence of animals. Hindu vegetarians usually abstain from eggs but consume milk and dairy products, so they are Lacto-vegetarian. However, according to their sect and regional traditions, Hindus have different eating habits.
Jainism- They strongly emphasize vegetarianism. Even in vegetarianism, some vegetables are not eaten which are root, because they see it as killing plants. They focus on eating legumes and fruits.
Buddhism- Buddhism believes in vegetarianism. But the Thaarists or Styarists usually eat meat. In Mahayana Buddhism, there are many Sanskrit texts in which Buddha instructs his followers to abstain from meat. Some branches of Mahayana, including the majority of Tibet and Japanese Buddhists, eat meat while Chinese Buddhists do not eat meat.

Sikhism- The principles of Sikhism do not advocate vegetarianism or non-vegetarianism separately. The decision on food is left to the person. Some Sikh sects strongly oppose the consumption of "Amritdhari" meat and eggs.

Judaism - advocates renunciation of meat and calls it morally wrong. However, it is neither necessary nor prohibited for the Jews to eat meat.
Christianity - The existing Christian culture is not vegetarian in general. However, the Seventh Day Adventist and traditional monastic emphasize vegetarianism.
Islam- Provides freedom to choose vegetarianism to those who do not like the taste of meat personally.

World Environmental Protection Day This day is celebrated on 26th November every year to maintain positive balance and take positive step...

World Environmental Protection Day

This day is celebrated on 26th November every year to maintain positive balance and take positive steps in the context of making people aware.



This day is celebrated on 26th November every year to maintain positive balance and take positive steps in the context of making people aware. The day is organized by the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP). For the last nearly three decades, it is felt that the biggest problem at present is related to environment. 

It is worth noting in this context that around ten global environmental treaties and around hundred regional and bilateral talks and agreements have been concluded. All these conferences were held in Rio de Janeiro in the light of the 1992 United Nations Environment and Development Program. The conference in Rio de Janeiro was a very important point in the context of international environmental conventions and policies.

There are two works that have been widely considered and implemented on a global scale. First of all, is development of the economy and second is the protection of the environment. A Commission on Sustainable Development (Commission on Sustainable Development) was established under the United Nations system.

Agreement on World Environment Protection Day


Due to human activities, many natural resources have been destroyed on earth. Keeping this context in mind, many governments and countries have concluded many agreements regarding their protection and proper exploitation. Such agreements have started in the countries of Europe, America, and Africa since the 1910s. Many similar agreements like the Kyoto Protocol, the Montreal Protocol, and Rio Convention fall under the category of multinational agreements. At present, new standards are being adopted in the context of environmental issues in European countries like Germany, such as ecological tax and many executive steps to protect the environment and the standards related to reducing the speed of their destruction, etc.

The main objective of the Kyoto Protocol has been set by the developed countries to achieve 5% below the level of greenhouse gases of 1990 by the year 2012.

Similarly, a provision has been made in the Montreal Protocol to restrict the production of ozone-depleting substances. It should be noted that in the conference held in Montreal in the year 1998, it was targeted to suppress the production of 12 such substances in the world, which along with promoting pollution, were also harming the environment.

United Nations Environment Program (UNEP)


UNEP is a primary international environmental agency whose primary objective is not only to review in terms of environmental conditions but also to promote environmental cooperation.

This institution plays an important role in the importance of environment and exchange of information related to it at the international level. In 1997, German Chancellor Helmut Kohl spoke at the United Nations General Assembly about amending the provisions of the United Nations Charter. At the same time, the issue of including sustainable development under the main objectives of the United Nations was also raised. Apart from this, the strategy of establishing global cohesion in this context by environmental organizations was considered as the center point of UNEP.

Integration of global economy with environmental protection

In the context of environmental protection and the coordinated development of the global economy, it is very important that international trade activities are sustainable. In this context, many laws and regulations on environmental issues have been developed by the World Bank and the World Trade Organization. Several strategies have been adopted by the World Bank on environmental issues. Also, all its members have been updated in this context.

International financial institutions place great emphasis on reducing the impact of human activities on the environment.


The United Nations Overseas Private Investment Corporation has made its view that under the Montreal Protocol, every activity associated with the production of banned chemical substances that erode the ozone layer and other international environmental programs is subject to any hindrance towards development of activities. Financial assistance of any kind will not be done.

At present, the market of environmental investment is flourishing on a huge scale. The Kyoto Protocol has been demanding from developed nations to reduce the production of industrial greenhouse gases. Which is also helpful in increasing the demand for technology that promotes renewable energy sources. This type of technology is also known as the greenhouse technique. Developing nations are also looking towards these developed nations with hopeful eyes for this technology.

Many environmental-related non-governmental organizations raise international environmental issues, especially in the context of developed nations. Along with this, they also make them realize their responsibilities. Apart from this, international financial organizations have established their offices where the civic community can not only share their issues and problems related to the environment but also raise their voice.

National Mathematics Day is celebrated every year on 22 December in India. It is celebrated to honor the birthday of the famous mathematici...

National Mathematics Day is celebrated every year on 22 December in India. It is celebrated to honor the birthday of the famous mathematician, Mr. Srinivasa Ramanujan. He was a world-renowned mathematician who made notable contributions in various fields and branches of subject mathematics.


National Mathematics Day (National Mathematics Day) 2020 - National Mathematics Day in India

National Mathematics Day 2020 will be celebrated across the country on 22 December, Sunday.


National Mathematics Day 2020 Special


National Mathematics Day programs were celebrated with great vigor across the country on 22 December. In view of this special day especially in schools and colleges, important programs like speech meeting, seminar and drama staging related to the life of Srinivasa Ramanujan were organized.



On 22 December, district level quiz quiz and seminar was organized in Dhamtari district of Chhattisgarh state on the occasion of National Mathematics Day. Aryabhatta Vidyalaya team finished first in this program. Similarly, the program of Mathematics Day was celebrated with great enthusiasm at the city's premier educational institute Kichlu Public School in Moga, Punjab. During this time, children were also informed about the great mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan. Along with this, a quiz for children and a speech competition on the subject of mathematics was also organized.


Union Human Resource Development Minister Prakash Javadekar congratulated


On the occasion of National Mathematics Day, many senior leaders and ministers paid tributes to the great mathematician Srinivas Ramanujan on the birth anniversary of the people of the country, congratulating the people of the country on National Mathematics Day, Union Human Development Resource Minister Prakash Javadekar and Commerce and Industry Minister Suresh Prabhu tweeted and wished the people on this special day.


History of National Mathematics Day

The great Srinivasa Ramanujan was born on 22 December in the Erode town of present-day Tamil Nadu. He studied mathematics unconsciously and started developing his research in the beginning. Srinivas read himself and was a man of learning himself. He never had any kind of training in mathematics. He first solved the formal and regular mathematics question when he was 10 years old. While he was in school he received several merit certificates and academic awards.

Ramanujam has contributed a lot to mathematical analysis, number theory, infinite series and continued fraction fractions. In 1913 Srinivasa Ramanujan approached European mathematicians to further his knowledge and interest in mathematics. He was also elected to various societies organized for debate and discussion on mathematics. He was the world-famous mathematician G. Started exchanging letters with H. Hardy and finally moved to England in 1914. He spent about 5 years in Cambridge and while living there wrote many papers related to mathematics.

Srinivasa Ramanujan's birth anniversary was declared as National Mathematics Day by the then Prime Minister of India, Dr. Manmohan Singh in the year 2012 for his memorable and great contribution towards mathematics. The year 2012 was celebrated as the National Mathematics Year for the first time nationwide.


Why is National Mathematics Day celebrated

National Mathematics Day is celebrated to pay tribute to the great mathematicians of India. Former Prime Minister of India, Dr. Manmohan Singh discussed the great contribution of world renowned mathematicians and stressed the need to carry forward his legacy by organizing National Mathematics Day. Great Indian mathematicians such as Brahmagupta, Aryabhata and Srinivasa Ramanujan have played an important role in the development of various formulas, theorems and principles of mathematics in India and thus encouraging the glorious tradition of Indian mathematics by celebrating National Mathematics Day and further Increasing is important.

The Prime Minister inaugurated a Center for Higher Mathematics in the name of Ramanujan at Alagappa University. He also said that the principles of mathematics are broadly used in the study of economics, science and other subjects.

Dr. Singh also acknowledged that there is no dearth of mathematicians in our country and it is the duty of the mathematics community to promote research and study of mathematics as an educational discipline in India and make it possible.

Dr. Singh paid tribute to the great Srinivasa Ramanujan, saying that he is the great son of Tamil Nadu and India, who has made his remarkable contribution to the world of mathematics around the world. In order to remember and honor his memorable contribution to mathematics, the Government of India announced the decision to celebrate National Mathematics Day every year on Ramanujan's birthday. The year 2012 was declared as the National Mathematical Year.

Tamil Nadu Governor K Rosaiah acknowledged that it was hard work, enthusiasm and dedication that made Srinivasa Ramanujan a great mathematician. Universities are also encouraged to encourage students for research and development in mathematics. A platform for research and development can be created by celebrating National Mathematics Day. This platform will help students and researchers continue the legacy of a long-standing development that was founded by the original founders of mathematics and science.


The nationHow is Maths Day (National Mathematics Day) celebrated?

National Mathematics Day is celebrated in various schools, colleges, universities and educational institutions across India.

Former Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh announced to celebrate National Mathematics Day on December 22, on the 125th birthday of Srinivasa Ramanujan.

The International Society UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) and India have agreed to work together to spread the joy of learning and understanding mathematics. He has also taken various steps to educate students in mathematics and has introduced the knowledge to students and learners from all over the world.

NASI (National Academy of Sciences India) is the oldest science academy located in Allahabad. To celebrate National Mathematics Day, NASI organized a 3-day workshop under the title 'Emerging Development of Mathematics and Applications of Ramanujan in the field of Q-Hyper Geometry Series'. The workshop was attended by popular lecturers and experts in the field of mathematics from all over the country. The speakers spoke about the great contribution made by Srinivasa Ramanujan in the field of mathematics in the country and the world. Ramanujan's work in the field of cryptography was also praised at the conference and those who composed many theorems were also praised.



All the states in India have celebrated National Mathematics Day in various ways. Various competitions and mathematical quizzes are conducted at school, college and university level. Mathematics talent and students from all over India participate in the events organized on this day. The School of Northern Maharashtra University (NMU) located in Jalgaon celebrated National Mathematics Day in 2015 with great enthusiasm. A variety of objective test competition, quiz competition and poster presentation competition were organized. The theme of this competition was 'Indian Mathematics', 'Mathematics for Life' and 'Mathematics Application'. The theme and competition is basically to develop the knowledge of emerging students in the field of mathematics.

A workshop on "Historical Progress of Mathematics" was also organized in Jalgaon at the 2015 celebration. It was planned for college teachers and students in the research department of mathematics. The workshop was an attempt to offer a common platform for young teachers and researchers from colleges. The celebration of National Mathematics Day focuses more on the promotion and development of research related to mathematics and the possibilities that exist in various areas of mathematics.

Some more tips to celebrate National Mathematics Day
The great mathematicians of India include Brahmagupta, Aryabhata and Srinivasa Ramanujan. These great experiences have not only changed the face of Indian mathematics but have also gained immense popularity around the world.

Every state of India should recognize the great contributions made by these mathematicians and celebrate National Mathematics Day with great zeal and enthusiasm. Schools, colleges and universities at the state level should organize celebrations, competitions and other cultural events for celebrations. This will not only create competitiveness among the students but will also increase their knowledge.

Engineering colleges and technical institutes should also celebrate National Mathematics Day and researchers and developers from across the country should be invited to give lectures and share their knowledge and experience. This will inspire emerging engineering students. It will also provide a common platform to collectively tackle problems encountered in the field of mathematics.


About Srinivasa Ramanujan


Srinivasa Ramanujan is one of the great Indian mathematicians whose efforts and contributions have given a new meaning to mathematics. He was born on 22 December 1887 in Erode Tamil Nadu, India. His number theory includes revolutionary conclusions about the properties of division functions.

When he was only 15 years old, he received a copy of the Priorities Summary of Pure and Applied Mathematics written by George Shoebridge Carr in 1886. This book is important because it was the main source of information for the great mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan to learn. It has also been said that this book is an important factor in promoting Ramanujan's talent and intelligence. He reportedly expanded and followed every text and content of the book.

After verifying the results and details of Carr's book, Srinivasa Ramanujan went ahead and developed his idea and theorem. In 1903 he got a scholarship at 'Madras University but later lost it as he neglected all other studies related to mathematics. This did not discourage him and he continued his research and work without any employment. He lived in poor conditions but was determined for his research work. They married in 1909 and started searching for employment. During this time he got a chance to meet a government official Mr. Ramchandra Rao. Mr. Rao was greatly influenced by Ramanujan's mathematical knowledge and skills. Mr. Rao also agreed to support Ramanujan's research for some time but Ramanujan was unwilling to do any work on the money given to him by anyone and eventually he did a job at Port Trust, Madras.Worked as a clerk.





Ramanujan's first research paper in the Indian Mathematical Society was released in the year 1911. His outstanding ability and intelligence gradually began to gain popularity, and in 1913 he began a conversation with Godfrey H. Hardy, the famous British mathematician. The conversation helped Ramanujan receive a special scholarship from the University of Madras and finance Trinity College in Cambridge. Ramanujan conquered his religious opponents and went to England in 1914 to meet Hardy. He furthers his knowledge and Hardy exposes him to mathematics through several formulas, theorems, etc. Hardy collaborated with Ramanujan during his research in mathematics while living in England.

Ramanujan created most of the mathematics formulas himself and his knowledge was amazing. Although Ramanujan was almost unaware of the modern developments in mathematics, his expertise on different degrees of release was incomparable with the mathematicians who were famous during that time. He worked on the theory of elliptic integrals, functional and practical equations of the zeta function, Riemann series, hyper geometry series, and various series.

Ramanujan increased his knowledge during his stay in England. He particularly improved his knowledge and wrote several letters describing the division of numbers. His papers were issued in English and European journals. He was also elected to the Royal Society of London in the year 1918. Unfortunately, Ramanujan had tuberculosis in 1917. His condition improved considerably in 1919 and he returned to India. Ramanujan died the following year on 26 April 1920 in Kumbakonam. They left behind 3 notebooks and a bundle of pages, also known as "lost notebooks". The bundle contained many unpublished results of mathematics that were used to be studied and verified by various mathematicians long after his death.


The conclusion


India has given birth to various scholars in various fields. One such great scholars is Srinivasa Ramanujan who made astounding contributions to mathematical analysis, infinite series and number theory. He also introduced many equations and formulas. s. The research Ramanujan Theta and Ramanujan Prime conducted by Ramanujan has inspired various researchers for further research and development on this subject. Thus by celebrating National Mathematics Day on the birth anniversary of Srinivasa Ramanujan, we will be able to pay tribute to this great scholar and will also be able to maintain the mathematical culture of India.

International Theater Day (27 March): When is International Theater Day or World Theater Day celebrated? 'International Theater...

International Theater Day (27 March):


When is International Theater Day or World Theater Day celebrated?

'International Theater Day' or 'World Theater Day' is celebrated every year on 24 March worldwide. The 2017 International Theater Day was conveyed by French theater and cinema actress Isabelle Huppert at UNESCO Hall, France.


Every year on the occasion of this day, at the invitation of the International Theater Institute, some distinguished painters of the world give a message to all the color workers on the subject of 'Culture and Theater of Peace'.

History of International Theater Day:

World Theater Day was established in 1961 by the International Theater Institute. Many institutions and groups related to the theater also organize this day as a special day. An important event of this day is the International Theater Message, which expresses his views on the subject of theater and culture of peace by some of the world's leading theater workers. The first international theater message was delivered in 1962 by Jean Cacte of France. In the year 2002, this message was given by Girish Karnad, a renowned colorist of India.

What is theater called?

Whenever we talk about theater, drama, music, spectacle, etc. start circulating in our mind. In fact, theater is made up of the words 'Rang' and 'Mancha' i.e. to present your art, decor, music etc. as a scene from a stage/floor. While it is called as theater in entire Asia including Nepal, India, it is called theater in western countries. The word 'theater' is an English adaptation of the theater itself and where it is displayed, the whole building including the auditorium and theater is called the auditorium, theater, theater or theater/opera.

International Theater Institute (ITI):


The International Theater Institute was established in the year 1948 by UNESCO-assisted theater and dance experts.
The theater institute grew into the largest performing arts organization in collaboration with more than 100 centers and worldwide.


ITI organizes International Dance Day and World Theater Day every year in UNESCO, Paris.

The history of England was being written in golden letters. This was the period when Queen Elizabeth 'I' ascended the Kingdom of England. After many years of state turmoil, the country was now enjoying peace. Social, economic and political… England was strengthening its footsteps on every front. In such a situation, the atmosphere of enthusiasm started increasing in literature and arts sector too. Books began to be written, poems were composed, new inventions were being made at the theater ... The sun of the cultural world of England was spreading golden sun.

At the same time, a bright star in the field of literature was rapidly moving towards the popularity boom. His name was 'William Shakespeare'. In 1599 William Shakespeare, together with his friends, established a theater in London. The theater was named 'Globe Theater'.

The theatrical business was flourishing at that time, but still, it did not get social prestige. The play was at the very bottom of the theater on the commercial ladder. For this reason, the 'Globe' was built not outside the city of London, but outside the city.

The Globe was an open-air theater made in a semicircle. Its open-air structure had two major advantages. One advantage was that Globe had observer capacity several times over closed theaters. Nearly two and a half to three thousand people were able to watch the play together, this was so big the Globe Theater. The second advantage is that candles, candles, torches were not required due to the easy natural light available here. No expenditure had to be spent on the lighting scheme. The cost is less then the cost of tickets is also less. Due to this, the common man also started enjoying the drama by buying tickets easily. Those low-cost 'one penny' tickets of the Globe contributed to the theatrical business and especially to Shakespearean plays to all levels of social life.


The producers then did not spend much capital on the costumes, sets in the play. High costumes and precious sets did not matter much. Everything used to be heavy on heavy dialogues. The loud voices of the performers echoed in the theater, and there was a wave of passion in the audience. The thunderous applause ripped the sky. Observers were more interested in 'listening' to the play than watching the play. Dialogue is tremendous then drama hits.

Space immediately next to the theater was designated for the holders of the above 'One Penny' tickets, called 'Pete'. There were no seats to sit in the peat. There was room for just standing there. Either stand or stand on the ground. A box 'box' was kept at the entrance of the theater, in which a penny (penny) was put and entered inside the theater. The amount deposited in this 'box' determined the profit or loss of the game of that day. The concept of 'box office' and 'box office collection' has been going on since those days.

The Globe had a great fun feature. When the show was going on at the theater, the observers had full freedom to talk to the actors in the full show, giving them their feedback. If the dialogues were repeated on the special demand of the audience, many times they were changed. When applause of applause rang out, criticism was also fiercely received. Observatory galleries were built around Pete on three surfaces. These galleries had seating arrangements and a roof above the head. It is evident that the price of these tickets was also high.

1613 was a day in the month of June. As usual, the drama was being played at the Globe Theater. There was an event scene on the stage. In this scene, the cannon salute took place on the stage as a special effect. Unfortunately, the spark of the cannon fell directly on the roof of the globe. Globe theater made of wood burnt. Within two hours the entire theater was burnt to ashes. The globe was rebuilt just two years after this incident.

Once again in 1642, there was an atmosphere of state instability in the country. The public revolted against the state power. A new government was formed. The new government banned the entire theater world. Now in England, making and watching plays became a legal offense. Like all theaters in the country, the globe closed. His building was also destroyed. After a few years, the state was restored and the ban of plays was also lifted, but the globe was submerged under the rubble.

In the next three and a half years, the name of the Globe Theater was completely erased from the soil of England and from the hearts and minds of the public. The theater for which stories such as Julius Caesar, Hamlet, Othello, Macbeth, King Lair, where the first screenplay was performed, the object did not even remember.

Three families passed, the time cycle revolved again. Sam Vanmacher, an American writer and director, took the initiative and pioneered the rebuilding of the Globe Theater. The reconstruction was completed in 1999. This new globe was created by taking the color form of the original globe.

Ajaramar dialogues such as 'You to Brutus ...', 'To be or not to be' where it was first pronounced emerged like a Phoenix from the horror of Globe Theater destruction. It has now become a pilgrimage center for theatergoers around the world.

William Shakespeare's Globe Theater, Bhishma's grandfather of literature, adorns his glorious legacy on the forehead, stands proudly in London today.

National Farmer's  day National Farmers Day is a national occasion that is celebrated on 23 December every year. National Farmers Da...

National Farmer's  day

National Farmers Day is a national occasion that is celebrated on 23 December every year. National Farmers Day is celebrated in honor of former Prime Minister of India Chaudhary Charan Singh. National Farmers Day is celebrated with great enthusiasm and interest across the nation. On this day many debate programs, ceremonies, seminars and competitions on agriculture are organized to celebrate this program.

National Farmer's Day 2019 (Chaudhary Charan Singh's birth anniversary) - National Farmer's Day


 
National Farmers Day will be celebrated all over India on 23 December 2019, Monday.


National Farmers Day 2018 Special

Like every year, on 23 December this year, the program of National Farmers Day was celebrated. On this occasion, all parties paid tribute to Chaudhary Charan Singh, who is considered the Messiah of the farmers, on the occasion of his birth anniversary and presented his favors for the interests of the farmers. Under this, Rahul Gandhi tweeted and congratulated everyone on National Farmers Day and expressed his loyalty to farmers, praising their hard work.

In a statement with this, Rahul Gandhi described the Congress as a party devoted to farmers. He said that Congress has always worked for the good of the farmers and laborers of the country. We have fulfilled every promise made to the farmers and in the states where our government is formed, we have waived the debt of the farmers within 2 days.


Important information is given to farmers on the National Farmers Day in Madhya Pradesh


On the occasion of Farmers' Day, a special program was organized to provide important information to the farmers under the mission golden tomorrow in the Gyaraspur area of ​​Vidisha district of Madhya Pradesh. Many important guests were present in this program, the promoters of the agricultural college explained the CSV component to the farmers, as well as about soil and water conservation, carbon, smart weather, smart breeder, improved seeds and smart market. And at the end of the program, all the farmers were also honored by the Mission Golden Kal and NCHSE.

Farmer awareness rally held in many places

Along with this, this time on Farmers Day, something different was seen from every time, this time on the occasion of Farmers Day, a number of organizations and people organized an awareness rally for farmers. Under this, people were told about the participation and hard work of farmers in the development of the country. Along with this, farmers were also informed about their rights and special benefits and schemes provided to them by the government.


History of National Farmers Day

National Farmers Day is celebrated in honor of Chaudhary Charan Singh, the fifth Prime Minister of India. From 28 July 1979 to 14 January 1980, he served the country as Prime Minister for a very short tenure. He was a very simple and simple-minded person who led a very simple life. During his tenure as Prime Minister, he initiated several policies to improve the lives of Indian farmers.

Chaudhary Charan Singh's captivating personality and various beneficial policies in favor of farmers united all the peasants of India against the zamindars and the changes. He followed the famous slogan Jai Jawan Jai Kisan, given by the second Prime Minister of India. Chaudhary Charan Singh was a very successful writer and also wrote several books which reflect his views on farmers and their problems. He also put a lot of effort in the form of various solutions to improve the lives of farmers.

Chaudhary Charan Singh belonged to a peasant family and thus led an extremely simple life despite being the honorable Prime Minister of India. India is primarily a village land and the majority of the population resides in the villages and agriculture is the major source of income for them. Still, 70% of the Indian population depends on income generated through farming. India is witness to an interesting agricultural journey.

The Green Revolution during the 60s developed in Punjab and Haryana changed the agricultural picture of the country. This increased productivity and thus made India self-sufficient in various agricultural commodities.

Farmers are the backbone of India. India, the country of agricultural land, celebrates National Farmers Day on 23 December to honor the great work done by the farmers of our country.


 
 

Facts about the farmer leader (Chaudhary Charan Singh)
Chaudhary Charan Singh was an Adarsh ​​Jat leader and belonged to a peasant family. This was the reason that he kept himself attached to the issues of the farmers and made every effort to support them. When he became the Prime Minister of India in 1979, he made many changes to improve the lives of farmers. It is also an interesting fact that as Prime Minister of India, Chaudhary Charan Singh never visited the Lok Sabha. He also served as Deputy Prime Minister during Morarji Desai's reign.

He presented the budget of 1979 which was prepared to meet all the needs of the farmers. It had several policies in favor of Indian farmers. This initiative of the great peasant leader boosts the confidence of all those farmers and empowers them to unite against landowners and moneylenders. Famous Market Bill introduced by Chaudhary Charan Singh in the Legislative Assembly behind Agricultural ConstructionWere. The purpose of the bill was to protect the well-being of farmers against the greed and tyranny of landlords. The Zamindari Abolition Act was also introduced and implemented by him.

The famous Kisan Ghat in New Delhi is dedicated to Chaudhary Charan Singh due to his involvement with causes related to the farming communities in the north. He was also a fond writer and has written his views about the farmers and the solutions related to the problems with them. Chaudhary Charan Singh died on 29 May 1987.

Why National Farmers Day (Chaudhary Charan Singh Jayanti) is celebrated
Chaudhary Charan Singh, a humble man born on 23 December was also a farmer leader. He was a very humble and kind leader and was very popular among the farmers and thus was also called the leader of the farmers. Chaudhary Charan Singh Jayanti or Charan Singh's birthday is on 23 December. It is celebrated as Farmers' Day. Since farmers are the backbone of our economy, our nation celebrates Farmers Day in memory of Chaudhary Charan Singh.

Former Prime Minister of India Charan Singh was a farmer himself and lived a very simple life. He belonged to the farmer's family, so he made a lot of efforts to improve the lives of Indian farmers. It is not wrong to say that farmers are the backbone of our society and contribute a lot to the economic development of India. Majority of the Indian population lives in villages and farming is their main source of income. Thus, a day dedicated to Indian farmers will not only increase their enthusiasm but will also create respect for them in the minds of the people.

 


 
 

National Farmers Day is celebrated every year especially in those states which are actively engaged in farming such as Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh etc. Farmers and members of the rural community organize various farming ceremonies to pay tribute to their beloved leader. On this day various debates, debates, discussions, quizzes, competitions are organized. Many issues related to farmers are discussed and participants are invited to share and suggest solutions.

State governments use this day to implement new bills in favor of farmers. Representatives of the farmers are also invited for the ceremonies and are motivated to put forth their issues and problems. National Farmers Day pays tribute to the great and generous leaders of the past who were devoted to the welfare and development of the farmers.

How National Farmers Day (Chaudhary Charan Singh Jayanti) is celebrated
Government of Uttar Pradesh, Government of India celebrates National Farmers Day on 23 December every year. It is the date of birth of former Prime Minister of India, Chaudhary Charan Singh. He was very kind to the peasant community and supported many policies to benefit the farmers. Thus, 23 December is celebrated as Kisan Divas or Kisan Samman Divas or National Farmers Day. On this day the Government of Uttar Pradesh organizes several programs, seminars and discussions related to farmers and departmental agricultural science of India in Uttar Pradesh at the district and block level.

Various workshops, exhibitions and seminars are organized by the state government and rural development associations on this day to ensure development in the field of farming. Agriculture department officials and agricultural scientists visit villages to provide solutions and information about farming techniques and various types of insurance schemes to understand farmers and their related issues and to save their agricultural production.

During the celebration of Farmers Day, agricultural scientists and experts organize various information programs in the field of farming for the benefit of farmers. Experts also make different suggestions to avoid situations that reduce agricultural production or produce bad results in agricultural production. Thus participating in these programs are very beneficial for the farmers for the development of their farming.

Uttar Pradesh has about 26 agricultural knowledge centers and about 31 agricultural science centers. All these centers celebrate National Farmers Day by organizing separate discussions in the state. All these are organized not only to celebrate the birthday of one of the former Indian Prime Ministers but also to create useful and informed situations for the farmers of the country.

Most of the states in India, especially those which are rich in agriculture, like Haryana, Punjab, Madhya Pradesh, etc. are considering other states from Uttar Pradesh to celebrate Farmers Day. Uttar Pradesh has the largest population in India and most of the people are engaged in farming for their lives. Farmers produce food and other food items that are distributed throughout the country. The urban population depends to a large extent on the farming done by farmers all over India. Thus it is important that the government develops more productive conditions for farmers across India for healthy and prosperous farming.

Kisan Samman Diwas is one of the most important days for many states of India. The agriculture department of the state government and the representatives of the farmers stand together on the same platform to discuss the issues and solutions related to the farmers. This day is used to raise awareness about advanced farming techniques.

The conclusion

Chaudhary Charan Singh is considered the son of the soil
Who belong to the community of farmers. National Farmers Day is an honor for an independent and strong Indian farmer. The entire nation celebrates this day with great enthusiasm. Messages and slogans are shared on social media. Today's youth are more concerned about the problems of Indian farmers and organize several streets plays to improve their condition. From time to time, the central government forgives loans given to farmers.

Despite the announcement of several policies and improving technology to improve farming, the agricultural condition in India is still poor. Every year Indian farmers have to fight against natural crises like drought, flood, poor quality seeds, etc. Although the farmers of India have been getting a lot of relief from the government for the last 10-15 years such as getting a fair price for their production, discount on loans, facilities to use new technology for farming, etc. But still farmers and their Much is to be done to improve the state of agricultural practices, only then will our country become a developed country in the true sense.

World TB day World Tuberculosis Day is observed every year on 24 March, which is called T.B. This day is celebrated to make people aware...

World TB day

World Tuberculosis Day is observed every year on 24 March, which is called T.B. This day is celebrated to make people aware of serious diseases like TB. Tb The full name of it is Tuberculous Bacilli which grows due to bacteria called Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
 


TB, it is a contagious disease, which, if not stopped in the initial stage, proves fatal. It kills the person slowly. Tb The disease is known by many other names, such as tuberculosis and tuberculosis.
 
Although TB ​​is considered a lung disease, it can also spread to other parts of the body along with blood flow from the lungs, such as bones, joints of bones, lymph glands, organs of the intestine, urine and reproductive system, Membrane above the skin and brain, etc.

World Tuberculosis Day (24 March)
When is World TB Day celebrated?
World Tuberculosis Day / World Tuberculosis Day / World TB Day is celebrated every year on 24 March worldwide. The theme of World Tuberculosis Day for 2017 is "Unite to End Tuberculosis". World Tuberculosis Day is celebrated to raise awareness about problems and solutions related to tuberculosis and to support tuberculosis control efforts worldwide.

History of World TB Day:

World Tuberculosis Day is celebrated on March 24, 1982, on the birthday of Dr. Robert Koch, who discovered Tuberculosis Bacillus.
The objective of World TB Day:

The purpose of celebrating this day is to raise awareness about Tuberculosis / TB / tuberculosis in the world. This day emphasizes finding solutions to end the disease. The significance of this day is to accelerate and change its stages in global efforts to eradicate TB completely.

Importance of World Tuberculosis (TB) Day:

Through World Tuberculosis Day, we get help in talking about the problem of tuberculosis and how to avoid it. Every year on the occasion of "World Tuberculosis Day", various activities are organized by health organizations, government and NGOs and other health agencies to spread awareness about TB in general public across the world.

These activities include seminars on the prevention and treatment of tuberculosis, an award ceremony to reward organizations involved in the prevention of tuberculosis, photo exhibition and exhibition to raise awareness about tuberculosis.

What is Tuberculosis or TB?
That is, TB is an infectious disease, which is caused by bacteria. This bacterium enters all the organs of the body. However, it is mostly found in the lungs. But apart from this, intestines, brain, bones, joints, kidneys, skin and heart can also suffer from tuberculosis.
World Health Organization
 According to the report, in 2013, 9 million people suffered from tuberculosis, of which 1.5 million died. About 2 million people in India are affected by this disease.
Symptoms of Tuberculosis (TB):

Cough for more than three weeks

Fever (which increases especially in the evening)

Severe chest pain
Sudden weight loss
Loss of appetite
Bleeding with mucus
Too much infection in the lungs
Shortness of breath

How does tuberculosis (TB) infection spread?

The phlegm, sneezing, coughing, spitting, and exhaling of patients infected with tuberculosis spread bacteria in the air, which can remain in the air for several hours. Due to which healthy person can also easily become a victim of Tuberculosis (TB). However, tuberculosis is not spread by touching or shaking hands of infected person.
When the bacteria of tuberculosis reaches the lungs through the breath, it increases manifold and damages the lungs. Although the body's immunity prevents it from growing, but as the body's immunity weakens, the risk of tuberculosis infection increases.
Methods of screening for the disease (TB):

There are many means to check for Tuberculosis (TB), such as chest x ray, mucus test, skin test etc. In addition, TB can also be detected by screening IgM hemoglobin through modern technology. The good thing is that investigations related to this are conducted by the government free of cost.
Measures to avoid Tuberculosis (TB):

If a cough persists for more than two weeks, see a doctor.
Stay away from the sick person.
If someone has been coughing around you for a long time, then stay away from him.
If you are going to meet a sick person or are coming together then definitely wash your hands.

Eat a nutritious diet that contains adequate amounts of vitamins, mineral salts, calcium, protein and fiber as nutritious foods make our immune system strong.
If you have been coughing for a long time, make sure to check the mucus.

Flag Day Armed Forces Flag Day or Armed Forces Flag Day is celebrated every year on 7 December. Armed Forces flag Day or Flag Day is cele...

Flag Day

Armed Forces Flag Day or Armed Forces Flag Day is celebrated every year on 7 December. Armed Forces flag Day or Flag Day is celebrated for the purpose of the welfare of the personnel of the Indian Armed Forces. On this day, money is collected from the people of India for the personnel of Armed Forces, this money is used for the welfare of the families of the soldiers. The celebration of Armed Forces Flag Day started on 7 December 1949. Armed Forces Flag Day is observed every year since 1949 on 7 December. 



The Defense Committee of the Union Cabinet had decided to celebrate Armed Forces Flag Day on 7 December for the welfare of war veterans and their families. There are three main objectives of the collection of funds on the Armed Forces Flag Day. Firstly during the war, support for loss of life, secondly for the welfare and support of the personnel working in the army and their families and thirdly for the welfare of retired personnel and their families. On these days, the Indian Army, the Indian Air Force and the Indian Navy conduct a variety of programs. The money collected from the program is put into the 'Armed Forces Flag Day Fund'. Today, on the occasion of Flag Day, we are going to tell you the rules and laws related to hoisting the flag.

Rules and laws for hoisting the flag

1. The tricolor can always be hoisted between sunrise to sunset.
2. The tricolor is never tilted, nor is it placed on the ground. Only after the order can the flag be flown halfway on government buildings.

3. The flag can never be immersed in water, the flag is not damaged in any way. In addition to burning, damaging any part of the flag, verbally or literally insulting it, there can be up to three years in jail or fine, or both.

75 busiest railway stations of the country will soon be seen waving 100 feet high tricolor

4. The shape of the flag should be rectangular. Its length and width ratio should be 3: 2.

5. The tricolor should always be of cotton, silk or khadi.

6. Hoisting the tricolor by turning the saffron color downwards is wrong.

Know 10 things related to Bhimrao Ambedkar's life

7. The tricolor should always be hoisted at the highest place near it.

8. The National Flag is not used in any event to cover the table or decorate the stage.

The comments
9. A tricolor is never hoisted or torn. If the flag bursts, if it becomes dirty, it should be burnt in a fire in solitude or destroyed in some other way, so that its dignity remains. The flag can also be given water samadhi in the holy river.

10. Wearing tricolor clothes is wrong. Using the tricolor by making undergarments, handkerchiefs or cushions etc. is an insult to the tricolor.

.The day when respect is shown to all the armies of the country. The forces that live in the sky, land and water protect us and the borders of the country. Flag Day is a day of showing respect and love to the same forces. Also on this day, the Jabanz martyrs are also remembered, who laid down their lives for the Aan, Ban, and Shan of the Tricolor. So today every citizen of the country should think about the country and the national interest. On 23 August 1947, the Defense Committee of the Union Cabinet announced to celebrate this day. After this, Flag Day started in 1949. But several decades later, from 1993, it started being celebrated as Armed Forces Flag Day.

Funds are collected for the martyr's families
On this day, funds are also collected to help the families of martyred soldiers of the armed forces. This money is collected by giving people a sticker of dark red and blue flags. People buy this sticker by paying money. After which this amount is deposited in the Flag Day Fund. Which is used as an aid to the expenses of the treatment of the soldiers or wounded soldiers of the martyrs of the war?

Navy Day in India When and Why Indian Navy Day is Celebrated? On 4 December 1971, the Indian Navy launched a war against Pakistan. I...

Navy Day in India


When and Why Indian Navy Day is Celebrated?
On 4 December 1971, the Indian Navy launched a war against Pakistan. In this campaign, the first attack was made at the headquarters of the Navy of Pakistan, which was located in Karachi.


Three electrical class missile boats, two anti submarines, and a tanker were included in this battle of India. Indian soldiers had planned to attack Karachi in the night so that Pakistan could be defeated because Pakistan did not have any missile and pride to fight at night, so no Indian soldiers were martyred in this war. But 500 Pakistani soldiers were killed and more than 700 soldiers were injured.

There was no loss of India in this war, so this campaign is considered the most successful war in naval history after World War II in which India was the only country to win. On the success of this victory, Naval Day is celebrated every year on 4 December.

Formation of Indian Navy Formation of Indian Navy
The Indian Navy began in the 17th century. When the East India Company formed a Marine Force and established under the name of East India Company. This team was called "The Honor Able East India Company Marine", later it was changed to "The Bombay Marine".

The Navy was renamed the Royal Indian Marine at the time of India's First World War. On 26 January 1950, when India became a full republic country, the Indian Navy removed its name Royal from Royal Indian Marine. The Indian Navy had 32 naval transport ships and about 11000 officers and naval personnel.


During the Indo-Pakistani War in 1971, the Indian Navy had wiped out Karachi Harbor in Pakistan, which was the headquarters of the Pakistan Navy, by running Operation Trident. In such a situation, the Pakistan Navy was weakened and defeated by the dangerous attack of the Indian Navy.

The Indian Navy has played an important role in several major tasks in the water frontier. In 1961, the Indian Navy assisted the army in driving the Portuguese out of Goa.

The headquarters of the Indian Navy has been established in New Delhi, which is controlled by the Chief Naval Officer Admiral. The Navy is a maritime part of the Indian Army, controlled by the Ministry of Home Affairs.

At the time of World War II, the navy had expanded to about 30,000 personnel and soldiers. The Indian Navy is deployed in three areas - Visakhapatnam in the east, West Mumbai, and Kochi in the south. Which is controlled by a flag officer.


The Indian Navy has contributed a lot in making the country strong. December 4 is celebrated as Navy Day because the Indian Navy was heavily overshadowed by the Indian Navy on this day.

At present, the Indian Navy is considered as the fifth-largest army in the world. Currently, the Indian Navy has more than 78000 soldiers.

Indian Navy Day Celebrations
Indian Navy Day celebrations are organized by East Indian Naval Command in Visakhapatnam, offering floral cycles to commemorate the martyrs of the Indian Navy on the day of the Indian Navy, followed by a display of submarine ships and ships, which are seen in large numbers. Consists of local people.


With the Indian Navy

Ships - 295, Aircraft Carriers - 3, Warships - 4, Destroyers - 11, Fighter Ships - 23, Submarines - 15, Petrol Craft - 139, Warship Ships - 6.

While the Pakistani Navy

Ships - 197, Aircraft Carriers - 0, Battle Ships - 10, Destroyers - 0, Fighter Ships - 0, Submarines - 8, Petrol Craft - 17, War Ships - 3